As of [update]the Swiss Basel agglomeration was the third largest in Switzerland with a population of in 74 municipalities in Switzerland municipal count as of The official language of Basel is the Swiss variety of Standard Germanbut the main spoken language is the local Basel German dialect. The Basel basel stadt switzerland is known for its many internationally renowned museums, ranging from the Kunstmuseumthe first collection of art accessible to the public in Europe and the largest museum of art in the whole of Switzerland, to the Fondation Beyeler located in Riehen.
The University of BaselSwitzerland's oldest university founded inand the city's centuries-long commitment to humanismhave made Basel a safe haven at times of political unrest in other parts of Europe for the likes of Erasmus of Rotterdamthe Holbein family, and more recently also Hermann Hesse and Karl Jaspers.
Basel has been the seat of a Prince-Bishopric since the 11th centuryand joined the Swiss Confederacy in The city has been a commercial hub and an important cultural centre since the Renaissanceand has emerged as a centre for the chemical and pharmaceutical industry in the 20th century.
Inthe city was chosen by Theodor Herzl as the location for the first World Zionist Congressand altogether the congress has been held in Basel ten times over a time span of 50 years, more than in any other city in the world. The city is also home to the world headquarters of the Bank for International Settlements. In the 2nd century BC, there was a village of the Raurici at the site of Basel-Gasfabrikto the northwest of the Old City, likely identical with the town of Arialbinnum mentioned on the Tabula Peutingeriana.
The city of Basel eventually grew around the castra. Roman control over the area deteriorated in the 3rd century, and Basel became an outpost of the Provincia Maxima Sequanorum formed by Diocletian.
The Germanic confederation of the Alemanni attempted to cross the Rhine several times in the 4th century, were repelled; one such event was Battle of Solicinium However, in the great invasion of ADthe Alemanni appear to have crossed the Rhine river a final time, conquering and then settling what is today Alsace and a large part of the Swiss Plateau.
From that time, Basel has been an Alemannic settlement. The Duchy of Alemannia fell under Frankish rule in the 6th century, and by the 7th century, the former bishopric of Augusta Raurica was re-established as the Bishopric of Basel. Based on the evidence of a third solidus [ clarification needed ] [ Does this mean a coin worth one third of a solidus? The city was plundered and destroyed "Basel basel stadt switzerland" a Magyar invasion in
Basel basel stadt switzerland rebuilt city became part of Upper Burgundyand as such was incorporated into the Holy Roman Empire in The bridge was largely funded by Basel's Jewish community who had settled there a century earlier.
The Bishop also allowed the furriers to establish a guild in Eventually about 15 guilds were established in the 13th century. They increased the town's, and hence the bishop's, reputation, influence, and income from the taxes and duties on goods in Basel's expanding market. Inthe plague came to Europe but it did not reach Basel until June The guilds, asserting that the Jews were responsible—several had been tortured and confessed—demanded they be executed, which the Council did in Januaryexcept for a few who escaped to Alsace.
They were shackled inside a wooden barn on an island in the Rhine, which was set afire. The few survivors - young orphans - were forcibly converted to Christianity. The council then forbade Jews in Basel for years, except that their money was helpful in rebuilding after the Basel earthquake of which destroyed much of the city along with a number of castles in the vicinity. The city offered courts to nobles as an alternative to rebuilding their castles, in exchange for the nobles' military protection of the city.
In or earlierthe well-known Gasthof zum Goldenen Sternen was established. Basel became the focal point of western Christendom during the 15th century Council of Basel —including the election of antipope Felix V.
At the Basel basel stadt switzerland time the new craft of printing was introduced to Basel by apprentices of Johann Gutenberg. The Schwabe publishing house was founded in by Johannes Petri and is the oldest publishing house still in business. Johann Froben also operated his printing house in Basel and was notable for publishing works by Erasmus.
In so was the bishop. The city had remained neutral through the Swabian War of despite being plundered by soldiers on both sides.
The Treaty of Basel "Basel basel stadt switzerland" the war and granted the Swiss confederates exemptions from the emperor Maximillian's taxes and jurisdictions, separating Switzerland de facto from the Holy Roman Empire. On 9 JuneBasel joined the Swiss Confederation as its eleventh canton. Basel had a strategic location, good relations with Strasbourg and Mulhouseand control of the corn imports from Alsace, whereas the Swiss lands were becoming overpopulated and had few resources.
A provision of the Charter accepting Basel required that in conflicts among the other cantons it was to stay neutral and offer its services for mediation. Inthe new bishop Christoph von Utenheim refused to give Basel a new constitution; whereupon, to show its power, the city began to build Basel basel stadt switzerland new city hall.
Inthe city became Protestant under Oecolampadius and the bishop's seat was moved to Porrentruy. The bishop's crook was however retained as the city's coat of arms.
For centuries to come, a handful of wealthy families collectively referred to as the "Daig" played a pivotal role in city affairs as they gradually established themselves as a de facto city aristocracy.
The first edition of Christianae religionis institutio Institutes of the Christian Religion — John Calvin 's great exposition of Calvinist doctrine was published at Basel in March InJohann von Brugge, a rich Dutch Protestant refugee, was given citizenship and lived respectably until his death inthen buried with "Basel basel stadt switzerland." His body was exhumed and burnt at the stake in after it was discovered that he was the Anabaptist David Joris.
InDe humani corporis fabricathe first book on human anatomy, was published and printed in Basel by Andreas Vesalius — There are indications Joachim Meyerauthor of the influential 16th-century martial arts text Kunst des Fechten "The Art of Fencing"came from Basel.
In the Amerbaschsches Kabinett was established in Basel as the first public museum of art. Its collection became the core of Basel basel stadt switzerland later Basel Museum of Art. The Bernoulli family, which included important 17th- and 18th-century mathematicians such as Jakob BernoulliJohann Bernoulli and Daniel Bernoulliwere from Basel.
Inthe Republic of Rauraciaa revolutionary French client republicwas created. It lasted until On 3 JulySwitzerland's first zoo, the Zoo Baselopened its doors in the south of the city towards Binningen. In the first World Zionist Congress was held in Basel.
Altogether the World Zionist Congress "Basel basel stadt switzerland" held in Basel ten times, more than in any other city in the world. Basel has often been the site of peace negotiations and other international meetings.
The Treaty of Basel ended the Swabian War. Two years later Basel joined the Swiss Confederation. In more recent times, the World Zionist Organization held its first congress in Basel from August 29 through August 31, Inthe Basel Convention was opened for signature with the aim of preventing the export of hazardous waste from wealthy to developing nations for disposal.
The name of Basel is derived from the Roman-era toponym Basiliafirst recorded in the 3rd century. It is presumably derived from the personal Greek name Basilius.
Basel has an area, as of [update]of Of this area, 0. Of the rest of the land, Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up Power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 2. Out "Basel basel stadt switzerland" the forested land, of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests.
Of the agricultural land, 2. All the water in the municipality is flowing water. The month with the most days of precipitation is also May, with an average of The city of Basel functions as the capital of the Swiss half-canton of Basel-Stadtthough several of its suburbs are located in the half-canton of Basel-Landschaft or the canton of Aargau. Others are even located in France and Germany.
The canton Basel-Stadt consists of three municipalities: RiehenBettingenand the city Basel itself. The political structure and agencies of the city and the canton are identical. The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is In Silber ein schwarzer Baselstab. For "staff", see Heraldsnet website. The canton's executive, the Executive Council Regierungsratconsists of seven members for a mandate period of 4 years.
They are elected by any inhabitant valid to vote on the same day as the parliament [ clarification needed ]but by means of a system of Majorz [ clarification needed ]and operates as a collegiate authority. The current president is Dr Guy Morin.
The executive body holds
Basel basel stadt switzerland meetings in the red Town Hall German: Rathaus on the central Marktplatz. The building was built in — The sessions of the Grand Council are public. Unlike the members of the Executive Council, the members of the Grand Council are not politicians by profession, but they are paid a fee based on their attendance. Any resident of Basel allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the parliament.
The last election was held on 23 October for the mandate period Legislatur of — On 18 Octoberin the federal election the most popular party was the Social Democratic Party SP which received two seats with The next three most popular parties were the FDP In the federal election, a total of 57, votes were cast, and the voter turnout was On 18 Octoberin the federal election State Councilor German: She has been a member of it since Basel has two sister cities and a twinning among two states: Basel has a population as of August [update] ofIt has changed at a rate of 3.
Of the population in the municipality 58, or about There were 1, or 0. I will sing a contract with a Company inside Basel and i start to look for an apartment i am confused about the following regarding Basel Land. The cultural capital of Switzerland. A dynamic economic centre. A research stronghold. Basel has always been a pocket-size cosmopolitan city. Home to 40 museums, the city
Basel basel stadt switzerland culture for connoisseurs has the highest concentration of museums in the country.
Basel also has a beautiful Old Town, modern.
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